An 8-month-old girl who had severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) underwent a successful hematopoietic stem cell transplant surgery at the Children’s Hospital of Fudan University in Shanghai; the stem cell was taken from umbilical cord blood.

The baby girl, identified by the hospital as Ranbao, started to develop symptoms including cough, fever, swollen lymph node and lung infection soon after she was born in July. Her parents took her to the hospitals in Hunan province and Chongqing municipality but were not able to determine the cause.

The operation involves injecting the stem cells into the body to help restore immune system. Cord blood hematopoietic stem cells transplantation has become one of the most effective treatments for the hematological and immune diseases.